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Dietary calcium intake and higher body mass index in Mexican adults aged 20 to 59 years old: cross-sectional study

Asociación entre la ingesta de calcio dietético y el índice de masa corporal elevado en adultos mexicanos de 20 a 59 años de edad: estudio de corte transversal


Background. Although energy balance is the main factor that regulates body weight, recent studies suggest that calcium metabolism can modify the energy balance and help regulate body weight. Objective. To evaluate the association between the calcium intake in the diet and high body mass index in Mexican adults in the 20-59 age group. Material and methods. A cross-sectional secondary analytical study was conducted based on the 2006 Mexican National Health and Nutritional Survey (ENSANUT 2006). Food intake questionnaires applied to 16,494 adults were analyzed. After removing biologically implausible values or incomplete information, we arrived at a final sample of 15,662 adults grouped according to their body mass index. Linear regression was used to assess association between daily dietary calcium intake and body mass index. Results. There was an inverse association between dietary calcium consumption and a high body mass index. The mean calcium intake in subjects with normal body mass index was 903.9 mg/day versus 832.0 mg/day in obese subjects (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. The study corroborates existing evidence of an inverse association between the dietary calcium intake and a high body mass index.